Comma caterpillars feed on elm, nettles and hops. The adults hibernate and emerge in early spring, producing a second generation from July to early October.
There are between 1,200 and 1,300 species of moth in Scotland, compared with only 33 types of butterfly, that are conveniently split into two groups – the macro moths and the micro moths.
A summer visitor, the dotterel is a specialist of the arctic-alpine zone of high mountain plateaux above 2,800ft, its strongholds lying in the Cairngorms and adjacent mountains.
The painted lady is the most widely distributed butterfly in the world, inhabiting every continent except Australia and Antarctica. It is the only butterfly ever recorded in Iceland.
Ravens are intelligent and enshrined in our folklore from the earliest of times and until recently relatively scarce birds in Scotland. The population is now recovering in many parts of the country.
Long-tailed tits are attractive little birds, which in spring build intricate and well-camouflaged domed nests made from feathers, moss, fur and cobwebs, and covered in lichen.
Many ‘microspecies’ of bramble occur in Britain, each one differing slightly from each other in terms of fruiting time, size, texture and taste.
I was gliding over Scotland’s forgotten forest; a tangled mass of gently waving kelp and a place as rich and diverse in wildlife as any environment imaginable.
A flash of silver in the swirling pool. A cry goes out: “There’s one, there’s one!” Up scoops the net and within its mesh lies a glistening salmon parr.
Each rosebay willowherb plant can produce up to 80,000 seeds, which are fitted with plumes of featherweight hair that act like parachutes, enabling them to drift considerable distances in the breeze.