The Scottish Secretary has said he may have to intervene on two Bills passed by Holyrood in recent weeks.
In a letter to Deputy First Minister John Swinney, Alister Jack warned that the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (Incorporation) (Scotland) Bill, which was backed unanimously by MSPs, would infringe on the ability of the UK Government to pass laws in Scotland.
A similar concern was raised about the European Charter of Local Self-Government (Incorporation) (Scotland) Bill, put forward by independent MSP Andy Wightman and also passed unanimously this week.
Before the passage of the UNCRC Bill, Mr Jack wrote to the Deputy First Minister, asking for changes to ensure it did not apply to legislation passed by the UK Government or UK ministers, but no such amendments were tabled.
Mr Jack said he would use the four-week period from the passage of a Bill in Holyrood until it receives royal assent to decide whether it should be blocked or referred to the Supreme Court.
He wrote: “I am aware that stakeholders in Scotland are keen to see that the UNCRC Bill is given royal assent as soon as possible.
“While the UK Government and Scottish Government have different views on the benefits of incorporating conventions into statute, as set out above we respect Scottish Parliament’s ability to legislate on this in devolved areas.
“However, doubt about the competence of specific provisions in the Bill serves no one.
“I would have preferred not to have been in this situation. We do all we can to respect the devolution settlement and resolve disputes.
“It is important that all legislation clearly reflects the competence and roles of Scotland’s two parliaments and governments.
“This need for clarity, not just for us, but for the children the UNCRC Bill is intended to protect and the stakeholders who represent them, is why I think it is essential that both governments respect the devolution settlement and we work collaboratively to resolve issues.”
A Scottish Government spokesman said: “All parts of the UNCRC Bill are within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament.
“The changes proposed by the UK Government would significantly undermine the protection for children’s rights in Scotland that the Bill seeks to put in place, threatening to undercut both the important measures contained in the legislation and key principles of devolution.
“These changes would mean that crucial provisions in the Bill would not apply to major pieces of legislation that fall within the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament and which are key in relation to children’s rights.
“This would include the Children (Scotland) Act 1995, the Education (Scotland) Act 1996 and the Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937.”