The Vatican says Pope Francis’s comments on same-sex civil unions were taken out of context in a documentary that spliced together parts of an old interview, but still confirmed his belief that gay couples should enjoy legal protections.
The Vatican secretariat of state issued guidance to ambassadors to explain the uproar that Francis’s comments created following the October 21 premiere of the film Francesco at the Rome Film Festival.
The Vatican nuncio to Mexico, Archbishop Franco Coppola, posted the unsigned guidance on his Facebook page on Sunday.
In it, the Vatican confirmed that Francis was referring to his position in 2010 when he was archbishop of Buenos Aires and strongly opposed moves to allow same-sex marriage.
Instead, he favoured extending legal protections to gay couples under what is understood in Argentina as a civil union law.
While Francis was known to have taken that position privately, he had never articulated his support while as Pope.
As a result, the comments made headlines, primarily because the Vatican’s doctrine office in 2003 issued a document prohibiting such endorsement.
The document, signed by Francis’s predecessor as Pope, says the church’s support for gay people “cannot lead in any way to approval of homosexual behaviour or to legal recognition of homosexual unions”.
The recent uproar gained even more attention because director Evgeny Afineevsky misled journalists by claiming Francis had made the comments to him in a new interview.
A week before the premiere, when he was asked about the civil union comments, Mr Afineevsky told The Associated Press that he had two on-camera interviews with the Pope.
In comments to journalists after the premiere, he claimed that the civil union footage came from an interview with the Pope with a translator present.
Francis’s comments were apparently actually taken from a May 2019 interview with Mexican broadcaster Televisa that were never broadcast.
The Vatican has not confirmed or denied reports by sources in Mexico that the Vatican cut the quote from the footage it provided to Televisa after the interview, which was filmed with Vatican cameras.
Mr Afineevsky was apparently given access to the original, uncut footage in the Vatican archives.
The guidance issued by the secretariat of state does not address the issue of the cut quote or that it came from the Televisa interview, only that it was from a 2019 interview and that the comments used in the documentary spliced together parts of two different responses in a way that removed crucial context.
“More than a year ago, during an interview, Pope Francis answered two different questions at two different times that, in the aforementioned documentary, were edited and published as a single answer without proper contextualisation, which has led to confusion,” said the guidance posted by Archbishop Coppola.
In the film, Mr Afineevsky recounts the story of Andrea Rubera, a married gay Catholic who wrote to Francis asking for his advice about bringing into the church his three young children with his husband.
It was an anguished question, given that the Catholic Church teaches that gay people must be treated with dignity and respect but that homosexual acts are “intrinsically disordered”.
The church also holds that marriage is an indissoluble union between man and woman and, as a result, gay marriage is unacceptable.
In the end, Mr Rubera recounts how Francis urged him to approach his parish transparently and bring the children up in the faith, which he did. After the anecdote ends, the film cuts to Francis’s comments from the Televisa interview.
“Homosexual people have the right to be in a family. They are children of God,” Francis said. “You can’t kick someone out of a family, nor make their life miserable for this. What we have to have is a civil union law; that way they are legally covered.”
Francis’s comments about gay people having the right to be in a family referred to parents with gay children, and the need for them to not kick their children out or discriminate against them, the Vatican guidance said.
Francis was not endorsing the right of gay couples to adopt children, even though the placement of the quote right after Mr Rubera told his story made it seem that Francis was.
The Pope’s comments about gay civil unions came from a different part of the Televisa interview and included several caveats that were not included in the film.
In the Televisa interview, Francis made clear he was explaining his position about the unique case in Buenos Aires 10 years ago, as opposed to Mr Rubera’s situation or gay marriage as a whole.
In the Televisa interview, Francis also insisted that he always maintained Catholic doctrine and said there was an “incongruity” for the Catholic Church as far as “homosexual marriage” is concerned.
The documentary eliminated that context.
The Vatican guidance insists that Francis was not contradicting church doctrine but it does not explain how his support for extending Argentine legal protections to gay couples in 2010 could be squared with the 2003 document from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which says “the principles of respect and non-discrimination cannot be invoked to support legal recognition of homosexual unions”.