Kevin Rudd has been sworn in as Australian prime minister, three years and three days after he was ousted from the same job in an internal government showdown.
Governor-General Quentin Bryce commissioned Mr Rudd within half an hour of Parliament resuming today for what is likely to be its last day before elections.
Mr Rudd faces a potential no-confidence vote in the Parliament which he would be likely to survive. But a loss could trigger an election as early as August 3.
Julia Gillard tendered her resignation as prime minister on Wednesday after losing a ballot of ruling politicians to Mr Rudd by 57 votes to 45.
She had set September 14 as the election date, but Mr Rudd has given no indication of whether he would stick with that timetable.