The Government has confirmed its intent to press ahead with legislating for Irish language protections at Westminster.
It has not provided a definitive timeline for introducing the controversial package of culture laws, however Northern Ireland Secretary Brandon Lewis has previously said the move would come at some point in October.
Since Mr Lewis made that pledge in the summer, the Government has faced calls from the DUP not to press ahead with the legislation while unionist concerns about Brexit’s Northern Ireland Protocol remain unaddressed.
The Government decision to intervene to break a Stormont impasse on the stalled laws, which include legal protections for both Irish and Ulster Scots, was a key factor in the demise of short-lived DUP leader Edwin Poots in the summer.
Mr Poots’ successor, Sir Jeffrey Donaldson, has since warned that passing the laws, which are a key Sinn Fein policy objective, would further undermine devolution in Northern Ireland at a time when unionists are so opposed to Brexit’s Irish Sea border.
Sir Jeffrey is threatening to collapse Stormont within weeks if major changes to the protocol are not secured.
The Government agreed to table the language laws at Westminster after Sinn Fein threatened not to re-enter the powersharing administration after failing to secure a firm timetable from the DUP on implementing the legislation at Stormont.
The culture package was a key plank of the 2020 New Decade, New Approach deal that restored devolution.
The internal DUP revolt that removed Arlene Foster as party leader and first minister earlier in the summer triggered a Stormont mechanism that required the renomination of a DUP first minister and Sinn Fein deputy first minister. A functioning executive could only have been formed if both posts were filled.
The procedural mechanism gave Sinn Fein a degree of leverage with Mrs Foster’s successor, Mr Poots, and the party made clear it needed movement on Irish language before it was prepared to renominate Michelle O’Neill as deputy first minister.
When Mr Poots refused to commit to passing the laws at Stormont before the end of the current Assembly mandate, Sinn Fein called on the Government to interject and pass the laws at Westminster instead.
Mr Lewis agreed and said if Stormont did not table its own Bill by the end of September he would move the legislation at Westminster in October.
A Government spokesman confirmed a Bill would be tabled at Westminster.
“It is disappointing that the Executive has not progressed legislation to deliver the balanced identity, language and culture package as agreed in the New Decade, New Approach agreement,” said the spokesman.
“This legislation will recognise Northern Ireland’s rich diversity.
“In accordance with this Government’s commitments, and in the absence of progress on this matter, we will take the necessary steps to introduce the legislation through the UK Parliament.”
Many within the DUP reacted angrily to the Government move in June, characterising the decision as giving in to a Sinn Fein ransom demand.
However, Mr Poots still decided to press ahead with reconstituting the Executive, nominating Paul Givan as first minister.
That was despite a significant majority of his MPs and MLAs being vociferously opposed to re-entering government with Sinn Fein on that basis.
The decision would cost Mr Poots his leadership as he was forced to quit within hours of Mr Givan being confirmed as first minister.