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World population to top 8bn by January 1

(Fiona Hanson/PA)
(Fiona Hanson/PA)

The world population grew by 75 million people over the past year and on New Year’s Day it will stand at more than eight billion people, according to figures released by the US Census Bureau.

The worldwide growth rate in the past year was just under 1%.

At the start of 2024, 4.3 births and two deaths are expected worldwide every second, according to the Census Bureau.

The growth rate for the US in the past year was 0.53%, about half the worldwide figure. The US added 1.7 million people and will have a population on New Year’s Day of 335.8 million.

If the current pace continues to the end of the decade, the 2020s could be the slowest-growing decade in US history, yielding a growth rate of less than 4% over the 10-year period from 2020 to 2030, said William Frey, a demographer at the Brookings Institution.

The slowest-growing decade so far was after the Great Depression in the 1930s, when the growth rate was 7.3%.

“Of course growth may tick up a bit as we leave the pandemic years. But it would still be difficult to get to 7.3%,” Mr Frey said.

At the start of 2024, the US is expected to experience one birth every nine seconds and one death every 9.5 seconds. However, immigration will keep the population from dropping.

Net international migration is expected to add one person to the US population every 28.3 seconds. This combination of births, deaths and net international migration will increase the population by one person every 24.2 seconds.