There have been almost 200 physical and verbal attacks against traffic wardens across Courier Country in the last five years.
The Angus councillor leading a task force on parking permits has admitted the issue has yet to be determined.
Two St Andrews streets have been named as the most ticketed in Fife by parking wardens this summer.
A new crackdown on after-hours illegal parking begins today, only three days after it was announced wardens were to begin walking the city at night.
It usually happens within minutes – sometimes even seconds - of the final sweep of the chamois or polishing cloth.