Water birds such as great crested grebes will carry their chicks on their back for protection, whilst other birds, such as skuas and gulls, will actively divebomb any intruder to keep them away from their young.
A summer visitor, the dotterel is a specialist of the arctic-alpine zone of high mountain plateaux above 2,800ft, its strongholds lying in the Cairngorms and adjacent mountains.
The cliffs at Fowlsheugh are packed with more than 130,000 breeding seabirds during the spring and summer months. It is the largest mainland seabird colony on the east coast of Scotland.
Fox cubs are able to start catching their own food by about six weeks in age. They become progressively independent and usually leave the natal territory within their first year.
The ptarmigan eats the leaves and shoots of arctic-alpine heath plants, as well as insects in the summer. Crowberry is important and ptarmigan feast on their glossy black fruits in late summer.
Ravens are intelligent and enshrined in our folklore from the earliest of times and until recently relatively scarce birds in Scotland. The population is now recovering in many parts of the country.
Nature Watch: Comma caterpillar’s camouflage and colourful fluttering of butterflies cause Keith to marvel at the beauty of nature
Comma caterpillars feed on elm, nettles and hops. The adults hibernate and emerge in early spring, producing a second generation from July to early October.
The coastal grasslands of Fife and Angus are great places for a wide variety of wildflowers. Over the next few weeks look out for sea campion, sea rocket and Scots lovage.
The jay is a member of the crow family and is locally common in parts of Courier country. They love to feast upon acorns in the autumn and will bury them for retrieval later.
It was, oh, so brief; a tantalising glimpse of a large white-winged bird momentarily swirling above a stand of pines. But it was enough, all I needed to satisfy my craving to spot my first osprey of the year.