Fife man Gordon McKay appeared in court in connection with the death of baby Hayley Davidson.
The 36-year-old appeared in private at Kirkcaldy Sheriff Court.
He is charged with murder and assault to severe injury.
McKay made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.
He is expected to make a second court appearance on petition within eight days.
McKay was arrested and charged following the death of five-month-old Hayley.
Police rushed to a house in Buckhaven’s West High Street on Sunday February 14 following reports of concern for a child.
That day Hayley, who lived with her mother Catherine and two older sisters in the Fife town, was taken to the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in Edinburgh where, under the care of medics there, she bravely fought for life.
She lost her battle for survival last Wednesday afternoon.
In a statement released by her grief stricken family through Police Scotland they called her a “beautiful baby girl who was loved by everyone who met her”.
They asked to be left alone to grieve at what was a difficult and trying time.
Meanwhile the shocked community in Buckhaven rallied round with heartbreaking messages of sympathy for the family.
United in sorrow, they left flower, balloons and cuddly toys outside Hayley’s home which lies close to the Fife coastline.
One neighbour told The Courier: “at least the bairn’s at peace now.”
Messages on tributes included the poignant “RIP Angel, always in our hearts.”